Places and Works of Art
Three Medieval doorways allow you to enter the ancient village on the hill. When you arrive in the heart of Longiano, you immediately come to the Town Hall and on the left, there is the majestic Sanctuary of the Holy Crucifix, whilst on the other side of the road, still in the square, there is the Petrella Theatre. To the right the road goes up towards the Castle from whose loggias you can see the sea. Let's begin with the Sanctuary, a delightful flight of steps takes you up to this lovely church which preserves, among other things, a precious 12 th century Cross (from the Pisano-Giuntesca school). Built in 1870 and re-stored and reopened in 1896, it quickly became one of the national reference points of the new theatre.
A pleasant walk brings you to the Castle which dominates the village and the plain and is the seat of the Tito Balestra Foundation. On the courtyard inside the Tower stands out and opposite this, there is the outline of a Venetian bath, sign of the brief dominion of the Republic of the Dogi. Beyond the gate there is the Piazza Malatestiana and then you immediately go down towards the ancient village. Not far off there is the Museum of the Territory, which houses interesting findings, documents and historical evidences. Once again on the theme of museums, the Museum of Sacred Art is extremely interesting (by the Town Council and the Diocese of Cesena), in the Baroque style Oratory of S. Giuseppe, which preserves splendid stuccoes and beautiful altar pieces.
The Tito Balestra Foundation
As you have seen, there are several things not to be missed in Longiano. Beside the intense cultural activity, thanks to the national "premières" and "previews" at the Petrella Theatre, one of the museums, that of the Tito Balestra foundation, deserves a mention. Tied to the name of Tito Balestra, a 20 th century Italian poet from Longiano (1923-1976), the Foundation preserves, exhibits and promotes -by means of various events - one of the most beautiful collections of contemporary art, from Mafai to Rosai, from De Pisis to Sironi right up to Guttuso and Vespignani.
Among the exhibited works, there is the conspicuous collection by Mino Maccari (about 1,800 oils and graphic works) and the carvings by some of the best contemporary artists like Morandi and Zancanaro, dose to works of Goya, Chagall, Kokoschka, Matisse. Many hours can be spent visiting this collection, which spreads out over the three floors of the ancient Castle.
Festivals and events
There is a full calendar of festivals in Longiano and its surrounding area. At Christmas, the exhibition "Longiano dei Presepi" takes place with many cribs on display along the most charming streets of the ancient medieval center. Not to be missed on this occasion is visit to the mechanical Crib set up in the Sanctuary of the Holy Crucifix, to which the Patron Feast (with a historical procession) on 26th of July is dedicated.
At the end of July "Longiano Week" takes place, while gourmets should not miss the "Festival of the Oil and Olive Tree", which is held during the second weekend of November in Balignano, a hamlet which is just a stone's throw from Longiano. Here there is Villa Turchi, an 18th century agricultural villa with an oil-mill, which still works. Longiano one of the most northern places of the cultivation of olives. Good oil and ancient delicacies (at the top of the list there is stockfish cooked in man different ways) are the specialties of this event.
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